Quick Review of Major Hurricane Matthew

Hurricane Matthew Track

Hurricane Matthew, the fourteenth named tropical cyclone of the 2016 season and the fourth to impact the WFO Jacksonville area of responsibility, moved along the coast of northeast Florida and southeast Georgia during the day and night of October 7th and 8th, 2016. The following tables below are some of the most notable weather and water level values as a result of Matthew’s passage.

Maximum Wind Values

Station Name County ST maxwindtime24 maxwind24
1 E Fort Caroline Duval FL 10/7/16 20:08 82
1 NNE Saint Augustine Beach St. Johns FL 10/7/16 17:00 76
2 N Mayport Duval FL 10/7/16 21:03 76
1 NNE Jacksonville Beach Duval FL 10/7/16 17:35 76
Crescent Beach St. Johns FL 10/7/16 16:45 75
Craig Municipal Airport Duval FL 10/7/16 19:37 69
Jacksonville Nas Duval FL 10/7/16 19:58 68
1 NW Saint Augustine St. Johns FL 10/7/16 17:09 67
Jacksonville Intl Airport Duval FL 10/7/16 19:19 64
Fernandina Beach Municipal Airport Nassau FL 10/8/16 2:35 60
Mayport Naval Station Duval FL 10/7/16 22:15 60
Jesup-wayne County Airport Wayne GA 10/8/16 0:15 58
2 WNW Silver Springs Shores Marion FL 10/7/16 17:37 57
1 SW Ortega Duval FL 10/7/16 18:33 55
Cecil Field Duval FL 10/8/16 2:15 55
Brunswick Golden Isles Airport Glynn GA 10/8/16 3:35 54
1 WNW Steven Foster State Park Charlton GA 10/8/16 3:01 50
Palm Coast Flagler FL 10/7/16 14:56 50
3 SE Welaka Putnam FL 10/7/16 19:05 49
5 WNW Jacksonville Heigh Duval FL 10/8/16 4:22 49
1 SW San Pablo Duval FL 10/7/16 16:01 48
Gainesville Regional Airport Alachua FL 10/7/16 19:17 48
1 NNE Orange Park Duval FL 10/7/16 22:36 47
Waycross-ware County Municipal Airport Ware GA 10/8/16 3:55 45
2 W Deenwood Ware GA 10/8/16 4:04 44
4 SW Baxley Appling GA 10/8/16 1:04 44
4 NW Interlachen Putnam FL 10/7/16 15:29 44
11 NNW Steven Foster State Park Charlton GA 10/8/16 3:10 43
Baxley Municipal Airport Appling GA 10/8/16 3:15 43
Keystone Heights Airport Bradford FL 10/8/16 3:15 41
Bacon County Airport Bacon GA 10/8/16 4:07 41
Lake City Municipal Airport Columbia FL 10/7/16 20:35 41
3 S Boys Estate Glynn GA 10/7/16 22:22 41
1 NW Fruit Cove St. Johns FL 10/7/16 18:55 40
5 WNW Newberry Gilchrist FL 10/7/16 19:30 39
1 SSE Ortega Duval FL 10/7/16 19:48 39
Ocala Airport – Jim Taylor Fld Marion FL 10/7/16 15:50 39
5 ESE Thalmann Glynn GA 10/8/16 7:04 38
2 E Durbin St. Johns FL 10/7/16 21:46 37
10 SW Folkston Charlton GA 10/7/16 21:56 37
8 N Florahome Clay FL 10/7/16 19:30 36
5 SE Alachua Alachua FL 10/7/16 19:23 36
Hazlehurst Airport Jeff Davis GA 10/8/16 7:35 36
3 SSE Spuds St. Johns FL 10/7/16 21:15 36
1 SSW Trenton Gilchrist FL 10/7/16 19:45 35
5 SSW High Springs Alachua FL 10/7/16 16:05 34
1 ESE Jacksonville Duval FL 10/7/16 20:00 34

Maximum Precipitation Values

stationname county st pcpn48 (inches)
5 ESE Thalmann Glynn GA 9.57
1 S Jacksonville Heigh Duval FL 8.15
1 SSE Ortega Duval FL 8
1 N Lakeside Clay FL 7.54
Craig Municipal Airport Duval FL 7.19
Jacksonville Intl Airport Duval FL 6.75
Palm Coast Flagler FL 6.52
1 SE San Marco Duval FL 6.51
Satilla River At Us 17 At Woodbine Camden GA 6.34
5 NW Doctortown Wayne GA 6.14
Jacksonville Nas Duval FL 6.03
3 W Bellair Clay FL 5.97
1 SE Ortega Duval FL 5.95
4 NNE Mandarin Duval FL 5.81
1 SW Ortega Duval FL 5.7
3 ENE Mandarin Duval FL 5.66
6 NE Lake Geneva Clay FL 5.43
1 SW San Pablo Duval FL 5.36
Nahunta 6ne Brantley GA 5.1
1 NW Fruit Cove St. Johns FL 5.05
5 NW Salt Springs Marion FL 4.65
8 N Florahome Clay FL 4.34
2 W Palm Coast Flagler FL 4.28
3 SE Welaka Putnam FL 3.89
4 SW Baxley Appling GA 3.66
2 W Deenwood Ware GA 3.35
11 NNW Steven Foster State Park Charlton GA 3.13
10 SW Folkston Charlton GA 3.09

INLAND FLOODING…

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ST JOHNS… SPUF1 – DEEP CREEK AT SPUDS REPORTED MAJOR FLOODING STORM TIDE OF 5.72 FEET NAVD88 AT 08/0400Z.

DCUF1 – DURBIN CREEK AT RACETRACK ROAD REPORTED PEAK STORM TIDE OF 3.62 FEET NAVD88 AT 08/0900Z.

DUVAL… JULF1 – JULINGTON CREEK AT OLD ST AUGUSTINE ROAD REPORTED MAJOR FLOODING STORM TIDE OF 4.61 FEET NAVD88 AT 08/0600Z.

DCDF1 – DUNN CREEK AT DUNN CREEK ROAD REPORTED MODERATE FLOODING STORM TIDE OF 4.09 FEET NAVD88 AT 07/2100Z. CCJF1 – CLAPBOARD CREEK NEAR

SHEFFIELD ROAD REPORTED MODERATE FLOODING STORM TIDE OF 4.36 FEET NAVD88 AT 07/1900Z.

CLAY… BCMF1 – BLACK CREEK AT MIDDLEBURG REPORTED MINOR FLOODING STORM TIDE OF 4.03 FEET NAVD88 AT 08/0300Z.

STORM IMPACTS BY COUNTY

FLAGLER

TROPICAL STORM CONDITIONS STARTED TO CAUSE DAMAGE TO THE FLAGLER BEACH PIER DURING THE LATE AFTERNOON OF THU OCT 6TH WHEN A COUPLE OF PYLONS WERE WASHED AWAY. AROUND 0227 EDT ON OCT 7TH THE FIRST TS FORCE WIND GUST OF 47 MPH WAS MEASURED. DURING THE PREDAWN HOURS OF THE 7TH, TROPICAL STORM FORCE WIND GUSTS OF 47-61 MPH WERE MEASURED ACROSS FLAGLER COUNTY, MAINLY EAST OF BUNNELL TOWARD PALM COAST AND FLAGLER BEACH. DURING THE MORNING BETWEEN 0700 AND 1200 EDT,

TROPICAL STORM FORCE WIND GUSTS INCREASED TO 57-65 MPH AT MARINELAND AND FLAGLER BEACH. THE  BOARDWALK WAS BEING WASHED AWAY IN THE VILLAGES OF MANTAZAS SHORES AROUND 0900 EDT. STORM SURGE STARTED TO FLOOD COASTAL HOMES BY 0900 EDT. AT 1120 EDT, SUSTAINED 60 MPH WINDS WERE MEASURED AT FLAGLER BEACH. REPORTS OF TREES UPROOTED WERE REPORTED IN PALM COAST BY NOON, AND HURRICANE FORCE WIND GUSTS UP TO 76 MPH WERE MEASURED BY 1124 EDT AT FLAGLER BEACH. AROUND 1146 EDT, PORTIONS OF COASTAL HIGHWAY A1A NEAR THE BEACH WERE WASHED OUT IN FLAGLER BEACH. BETWEEN 1150 AND 1200, ESTIMATED GUSTS WERE 76-80 MPH NORTH OF PALM COAST, AND A MEASURED WIND GUST OF 83 MPH WAS RECORDED AT FLAGLER BEACH. BY 1400, MULTIPLE OCEAN FRONT STRUCTURES HAD ROOF DAMAGE. BETWEEN 1400-1500 EDT, THE END OF THE FLAGLER BEACH PIER WAS REPORTED MISSING AND A1A WAS WASHED OUT UP AND DOWN THE FLAGLER COUNTY COAST. AT 1800, THE PALM COAST SALTWATER CANAL MEASURED A STORM SURGE DEPTH OF 6 FEET, WHICH WAS ABOUT 44 INCHES OVER THE BULKHEAD.

Flagler1

PUTNAM

TROPICAL STORM CONDITIONS STARTED CAUSING TREE DAMAGE IN PALATKA AROUND 0713 EDT ON OCT 7TH WHEN A TREE FELL ON A HOME. AT 1500, ONE 55 YEAR OLD FEMALE WAS KILLED DUE TO HURRICANE FORCE WIND GUSTS BLOWING DOWN A TREE ONTO THE TRAILER IN WHICH SHE SOUGHT STORM SHELTER IN A CAMPER AT A CAMPGROUND NEAR CRESCENT CITY. AT 2041 EDT, FLOODING WAS REPORTED ON TARPON BLVD IN BOSTWICK. CANALS ABOUT A QUARTER MILE AWAY FROM THE ST. JOHNS RIVER  EXPERIENCED FLOODING ON BOTH SIDES OF THE ROADWAYS. PHOTOS FROM PUTNAM COUNTY EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT INDICATED EXTENSIVE FLOODING AND WIDESPREAD TREE DAMAGE IN EAST PALATKA AND BOSTWICK AFTER 1500 EDT, INCLUDING THE FAR END OF EAST RIVER ROAD. THE BOSTWICK AREA HAD UP TO 3 FEET OF RIVER FLOODING IN MANY LOCATIONS NEAR THE RIVER, INCLUDING IN STRUCTURES AND HOMES. CEDAR CREEK AND PALMETTO BLUFF OF BOSTWICK HAD WIDESPREAD FLOODING OVER ROADS AND WITHIN YARDS, WITH TREE DAMAGE. THE BOAT RAMP AT EGLIN GROVE IN EAST PALATKA WAS OVER-WASHED BY AT LEAST 3 TO 4 FEET OF WATER WITH A LOT OF FLOODING DEBRIS IN THE AREA. A LOT OF THE WATER ACCUMULATED UNDER STRONG ONSHORE FLOW FOR A COUPLE OF DAYS WITHIN THE RIVER BASIN AHEAD OF HURRICANE MATTHEW, AND WHEN THE STORM SURGE COMBINED WITH HIGH TIDE AND STRONG NORTHERLY FLOW COINCIDED OVER THE ST. JOHNS FRIDAY, RIVER FLOODING WAS EXTENSIVE.  WIND DAMAGE OCCURRED TO STRUCTURES, INCLUDING AT CRILL DRIVE AND SR 19 IN PALATKA WHERE METAL ROOFING WAS ROLLED AND DAMAGED.

Images from Putnam County provided by the Emergency Management.

Putnam1 Putnam3 Putnam2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NASSAU

AT 1530 ON OCTOBER 7TH THE FERDINDINA BEACH TIDE GAUGE REPORTED A PEAK WATER LEVEL OF 6.91 FT ABOVE NAVD88 DATUM. THIS WAS 4.32 FT ABOVE THE PREDICTED HIGH TIDE OF 2.59 FT NAVD88 DATUM. THIS VALUE RANKED AS THE THIRD HIGHEST WATER LEVEL RECORDED AT THIS GAUGE SITE BEHIND THE OCT 2ND 1898 AND OCT 19TH 1944 HURRICANE, AND WAS ABOVE BOTH HURRICANES DORA AND JEANNE. AT 1945 EDT A TREE FELL ON A STREET LIGHT AND TRANSFORMER AT 14TH AND ATLANTIC. AT 2100 EDT, TWO LARGE TREES WERE BLOWN DOWN ON OLD DIXIE HIGHWAY NEAR IRVIN AVENUE AND COMPLETELY BLOCKED THE ROAD. AT 2226 ON OCT 7TH A LARGE TREE AND POWER LINES WERE BLOWN DOWN ON ATLANTIC AVENUE ON AMELIA ISLAND.

THROUGH THE EVENT WIDESPREAD TREE, POWERLINE AND SOME STRUCTURAL DAMAGE WAS REPORTED DUE TO TROPICAL STORM FORCE WINDS AND GUSTS TO HURRICANE FORCE. MOST OF THE WIND DAMAGE WAS ACROSS COASTAL LOCATIONS INCLUDING FERNANDINA BEACH. THERE WERE REPORTS OF TREES DOWN ON STRUCTURES AS WELL.  AT ASH AND FRONT STREET A MOTEL AWNING WAS BLOWN UP AGAINST A RAILROAD CROSSING. A FLASH FLOOD EMERGENCY WAS ISSUED FOR THE EGANS CREEK DRAINAGE AT 1540 EDT AS THE SURGE AND SEICHE IMPACTS MOVED DOWN THE DRAINAGE. EXTENSIVE FLOODING OF FLETCHER AVENUE OCCURRED, ESPECIALLY NEAR THE 600 BLOCK SECTION WHICH EXTENDED SOUTHWARD TO THE 1500 BLOCK OF FLETCHER AVENUE AND SOUTHWARD TO OCEAN DRIVE. THESE AREAS ARE JUST EAST OF EGANS CREEK. WATER LEVEL OBSERVATIONS INDICATED A SEICHE FLOOD TRAILING THE STORM SURGE THAT LIKELY FLOODED EGANS CREEK AS HURRICANE MATTHEW STARTED TO TRACK FARTHER NORTH OF THE LOCAL AREA WITH A SWITCH IN WINDS TO THE NNW PUSHING SURGE WATERS BACK ACROSS THE EGANS CREEK DRAINAGE.

DUVAL

TROPICAL STORM FORCE GUSTS STARTED EARLY MORNING ON OCT 7TH. REPORTS OF TREES DOWN BEGAN WITH THE FIRST REPORT AROUND 730 AM EDT OF A  LARGE TREE AND POWER LINES DOWN IN ORTEGA. A TREE WAS REPORTED ON A HOME IN EAST ARLINGTON AROUND THE SAME TIME. BETWEEN 11 AM EDT AND NOON THE JACKSONVILLE AIRPORT REPORTED A 51 MPH GUST WHILE A TREE WAS REPORTED TO CRUSH A CAR ON WOOD AVE IN ARLINGTON. WINDS CONTINUED TO INCREASE DURING THE DAY AND IN THE AFTERNOON CRAIG AIRPORT STARTING TO REPORT SUSTAINED TROPICAL STORM FORCE WINDS. AT 415 PM CRAIG AIRPORT REPORTED SUSTAINED NORTH WINDS AT 41 MPH WITH GUSTS TO 62 MPH. AT 135 PM EDT THE JACKSONVILLE BEACH PIER REPORTED 61 MPH WINDS WITH GUSTS TO 76 MPH. TREES WERE REPORTED DOWN THROUGHOUT THE EVENING HOURS. BETWEEN 4 AND 6 PM TREES CAME DOWN ON 103RD STREET, DUNN AVE., PULASKI AND TERREL ROADS. AT 624 PM TREES WERE ON I-95 SOUTHBOUND NEAR MILE MARKER 339 BLOCKING 2 LANES. AT 954 PM SIGNIFICANT STRUCTURAL DAMAGE WAS DONE AT A SURF SHOP AT BEACH BLVD. AND 9TH ST. SOUTH. AT 1125 PM TREES WERE DOWN ON I-10 EAST BOUND NEAR CHAFFEE ROAD BLOCKING ONE LANE. FLOODING WAS ALSO REPORTED WITH COMMONWEALTH AVE CLOSED BETWEEN ELLIS AND LANE AVENUES. DUE TO WATER OVER THE ROAD. COASTAL FLOODING WAS REPORTED ALONG THE COAST AND THE ST. JOHNS RIVER. THE NOAA TIDAL GAUGE AT MAYPORT REPORTED 5.14 FEET ABOVE NAV88D DATUM WHICH IS THE 2ND HIGHEST LEVEL ON RECORD SINCE THE 1898 HURRICANE. AT 5 PM THE DAMES POINT BRIDGE NOAA TIDAL GAUGE REPORTED 4.19 FEET ABOVE NAV88D DATUM WHICH WAS 2.3 FEET ABOVE PREDICTED. AT 806 PM THE NOAA TIDAL GAUGE AT THE BUCKMAN BRIDGE WAS 3.42 FEET ABOVE NAV88D WHICH WAS 2.43 FEET ABOVE PREDICTED.

Below are some images from Duval County, provided by Emergency Management and NWS storm survey.

Duval1 Duval2

ST JOHNS

STORM SURGE FLOODING WAS SEVERE AS A NWS STORM SURVEY REPORTED A NEW INLET HAD FORMED BETWEEN MARINELAND AND MANTANZAS INLET. SEVERE DAMAGE WAS REPORTED IN SUMMERHAVEN. STORM SURGE FLOODING WAS REPORTED IN THE EARLY MORNING HOURS AT THE SEA WALL IN ST AUGUSTINE BEACH AND AT THE CASTILLO DE SAN MARCOS SEA WALL. WATER WAS ALSO REPORTED FLOWING ACROSS ANASTASIA ISLAND AT ABOUT 2.5 FEET ABOVE
GROUND. THE NOAA TIDAL GAUGE ON THE ST JOHNS RIVER AT RACY POINT REPORTED A PEAK WATER LEVEL OF 5.05 FEET ABOVE NAVD88 DATUM WHICH WAS 3.85 FEET ABOVE PREDICTED. TROPICAL STORM FORCE GUSTS BEGAN IN ST JOHNS COUNTY THURSDAY NIGHT OCT 6TH. AT VILANO BEACH WINDS WERE REPORTED AT 39 MPH WITH GUSTS TO 46 MPH AT 11 PM. HURRICANE FORCE GUSTS WERE REPORTED NEAR THE COAST ON OCT 7TH. THE C-MAN (SAUF1)
SITE ON THE ST AUGUSTINE PIER REPORTED A 79 MPH GUST AT 1150 AM EDT AND AN 85 MPH GUST AT 1250 PM EDT ON THE 7TH. THE GUANA RIVER STATE PARK REPORTED A 72 MPH GUST AT 145 PM WHILE THE VILANO BEACH BRIDGE HAD A 60 MPH GUST. WIND DAMAGE REPORTS INCLUDED A TREE UPROOTED ONTO A HOME IN ST AUGUSTINE SHORES AROUND 8 AM AND SIGNIFICANT ROOF DAMAGE TO FIRST COAST POWERSPORTS OFF U.S. 1 HIGHWAY IN THE MID
AFTERNOON. A LARGE TREE FELL ON SAN MARCO AVE NEAR HOPE STREET IN ST AUGUSTINE AND ALSO ON I-95 NEAR INTERNATIONAL GOLF PARKWAY BLOCKING ONE LANE.

Below are some images taken from the Summer Haven area in St. Johns County from NWS storm surveys.

stjohns1 stjohns2

 

CLAY

STRONG WINDS REACHED TROPICAL STORM FORCE STRENGTH WHICH DOWNED NUMEROUS TREES. DURING THE MORNING ON OCT 7TH TREES WERE REPORTED DOWN IN EAGLE HARBOR ON FLEMING ISLAND AND ALSO ON A HOME AND VEHICLE IN ORANGE PARK. DURING THE EVENING A TREE FELL ON A HOUSE IN GREEN COVE SPRINGS. TREES WERE ALSO REPORTED DOWN ON ELDERBERRY COURT IN ORANGE PARK AND ON PINE AVE IN FLEMING ISLAND. DUE TO HEAVY
RAINFALL THE SOUTH FORK OF BLACK CREEK NEAR PENNEY FARMS REACHED MINOR FLODD STAGE AND CREST AT 16.5 FEET IN THE MORNING ON OCT 8TH.

Authored by National Weather Service Team.